This mostly images and photos site is for myrmecologist and hobbyist. While not claiming to be any authority on either of these two insects families, I published my personal encounters and experiences with these super organisms of our earth as my part and contribution to the information data bank of the internet and world wide web. This site features clear, quality photos, pictures and images of termite and ant species.
Copyright Quah 2009 - 2014. All rights reserved.
The published pages on this blogs are not static. Aside from publishing new post pages, existing posts of this blog are periodically updated with photos of new species, additional photos of existing species and additional information. All materials published here are the property of the author. Reproduction of any material published here in part or in total without the expressed permission of this author is strictly forbidden.
Monday, October 19, 2009
Odontotermes is one of the more commonly found fungus growing termite species in this location. It is even more common than Macrotermes gilvus. There are several species in this genus. Some documentations have this number at fifty four but others have it at a far larger number. Many species of Odontotermes are characterize by a an unpleasant odor.
The first species here is one of the most common of this genus. The soldier is almost as long as the major soldier of Macrotermes gilvus which is another common fungus growing termite found throughout this location.
The soldier at 8mm long compared with the common Macrotermes gilvus species at 9 mm but it is not as broad. The workers at 5mm too is almost as large as that of M. gilvus (5.5mm). This first species recorded here is what I reference as 'type 1' which is typify by a head that is quite rectangular in shape with minimal or no tapering from the back (at the neck) to the front (where the mandibles start).
Odontotermes sp4 is a small species that without close observation might be easily mistaken for Microtermes pakistanicus as they are the approximate same size (both soldiers and workers). This species typically build the fungus chambers of any raised mound of earth that is fairly compact. This chambers are distributed over a fairly wide area of a few square meters. This species is of 'type 2' head shape.
This species is quite small at 4 mm but the alates are about the same size as the common Odontotermes species.
This is one the largest Odontotermes species in this location and belongs (from appearance) to the second Odontotermes type of the shorter and less rectangular head expression. In 'type 2' the shape of the head is usually relatively shorter in overall proportion with little or some slight tapering (narrowing anteriorly) from the back towards the front.
This small 6 millimeters (length of soldiers) Odontotermes species has a more tear shape head (the soldiers) than the typical Odontotermes species. This species (sp6 collected by me) is of 'type 3' head shape. This species has the most tapering of all the three head type. It also has the most tapering (narrowing anteriorly) of those species with 'type 3' head shape with the front of the head ending almost at point where the mandibles protrude from the head.
Here we see two sample of Odontotermes termites fungus comb. The fungus of sp4 is one of the most developed among Odontotermes and that of sp9 one of those that are least developed.