This mostly images and photos site is for myrmecologist and hobbyist. While not claiming to be any authority on either of these two insects families, I published my personal encounters and experiences with these super organisms of our earth as my part and contribution to the information data bank of the internet and world wide web. This site features clear, quality photos, pictures and images of termite and ant species.
Copyright Quah 2009 - 2014. All rights reserved.
The published pages on this blogs are not static. Aside from publishing new post pages, existing posts of this blog are periodically updated with photos of new species, additional photos of existing species and additional information. All materials published here are the property of the author. Reproduction of any material published here in part or in total without the expressed permission of this author is strictly forbidden.
Tuesday, January 26, 2010
Termites and Ants - Others
This page list the species of termites and ants that I haven't yet sorted out (owing to my biting off more than I can chew). New photos/pictures will be added as and when (the target is once a month, hopefully).
Newest and latest addition of collected specimens are on the top of this page with older specimens of the same genus move up to make it easier for comparison. I have also added a highlight '[New]' for the latest posted images to each of the posted pages to identify the newer photos and pictures on updated pages.
There are quite a few people who have robbed my sites, taking photos for their personal or commercial sites and some even went to the extend of claiming those photos as their own. If you want to take photos from here whether to use in your own site or other publications, it would be good if you first write for permission. The main reason for this is so that humankind are not encouraged to rob or steal through taking and using what does not belong to them. There are many sites that published information and images of all sorts that does not required permission with some just requiring the appropriate attribution to source and/or owner publisher. Even as I have nothing but praises for these, in my personal capacity I have chosen not to do the same for the simple reason that humankind today more ever before are presumptuously taking too many things for granted. This is one of the most serious contributor to evil in the human social order. Readers writing to obtain permission please ensure that you include a contactable email. This site is just for general information and species identification which are based mostly from unaided visual sightings and comparisons in the photos presented here. For authoritative and definitive identification please refer to the various institution and research bodies that maintain detail and exhaustive records. References to species identity are to the published works of the researchers and the various authorities of the field. Behavior information are from this author's personal observations and encounters and likewise are not authoritative.
If you published these photos please include a copyright notice by this author and the appropriate attribution to this source. All photos and information published here are the property of this author and are fully copyrighted. This author reserved the right to initiate legal proceedings against anyone found to have taken and published these copyrighted materials without the explicitly written permission from this author.
[New] Iridomyrmex sp(2). This second species of Iridomyrmex encountered by me is smaller than the previous I documented in this blog.
Particularly the head in relation to the rest of the body is smaller.
Worker of Polyrhachis sp(27). See more in the Polyrhachis genus post.
Worker of Polyrhachis sp(37).
Worker of Anochetus sp.
Measuring at slightly over 8 mm tip of mandibles (closed) to tip of gaster, this is the largest of this genus document in this site. The mandibles are also significantly thicker than most members of this genus. You can view more images of this species in the Trapjaw Ants post.
This species looks quite similar to Coptotermes curvignathus but is slightly larger making it the largest species (encountered so far by me) of this genus. The head of the worker is slightly yellowish as opposed to those of all the other species documented in this blog where the worker's head is white. Aside from the head the workers from being larger at around 6 mm is also atypical of this genus (from a macro perspective).
Coptotermes sp. looks very similar to Coptotermes curvignatus but appears to have a dimorphic worker caste.
Coptotermes sp. This species is around the size of C. gestroi but the head capsule is noticeably different. See more on Coptotermes.
Another species from the Capritermes complex. In this species the soldiers have longer heads (i.e. length to width ratio) and measure around 9 millimeters.
Pseudocapritermes sp03. This is another species under the Capritermes complex.
Aenictus sp worker.
Workers of Aenictus sp ants
Worker of Aenictus sp.
Polyrhachis sp(35) worker. This species looks a little bit like Polyrhachis abdominalis but is smaller and also the propodeal and petiole spines are outward pointing.
Polyrhachis sp(34) worker.
Worker of Polyrhachis sp(33) ant.
Worker of Polyrhachis sp(31) is actually Dolichoderus, and wrongly tag by me. It looks somewhat similar to Polyrhachis furcata. Aside from other obvious difference the main difference between this and Polyrhachis is the depth of the head (lesser relatively).
Worker of Polyrhachis sp(32).
Worker of a small 7 millimeter Polyrhachis species.
The petiole in this species sp(36) is atypical of this genus.
Workers and brood of Polyrhachis sp. This species about the same size as Polyrhachis dives and looks similar too but is easily distinguished from P. dives by a thorny stump of a spine in the middle of the first thoracic segment (pronotum).
Polyrhachis cephalotes worker ant. The rather round and thick (viewed laterally) head of this species sets it apart from the other members of this genus.
Technomyrmex sp. This species is the smallest I have come across, just about the size of Tapinoma sessile. When I first saw it I thought it was Tapinoma.
Camponotus sp(13), a major worker. This species is fairly similar in appearance as sp(12) below but are larger (2 mm in the majors). These are both the Camponotus arrogans group of Camponotus which is not as large a group as the very common Camponotus irritans group (see sp07 below). Both species (sp12 and sp13 here) have naked pupae unlike the C. irritans group that have cocoon pupae.
Camponotus sp(12) is a dimorphic average (for the Camponotus genus) size species that belongs to the Camponutus arrogans group.
Major worker (9 millimeters) and minor worker (6 millimeters) of Camponotus sp(12).
Camponotus sp(07). is another quadmorphic species. This species very similar to one of the most commonly found species, Camponotus irritans and is around the same size, but is easily distinguished by it's larger minor worker (bottom right) and the largest major worker having a slightly larger and bulkier head (as a ration of its body). The workers morphology are two sizes of minor and two sizes of major worker. Or if we want to split hairs (because the social order of humankind are full of hairsplitters) then one size of minor worker, one size of major worker and two size of median workers.
This species is very similar to one of the most commonly found species of Camponutus, Camponotus irritans, and is around the same size, but is easily distinguished by it's larger minor (or median) workers (bottom right).
Minor worker of Camponotus ant. This is a dimorphic species with minor workers having very narrow heads that tapers down towards the neck region.
Major worker of Camponotus sp(24).
Another Camponotus species with four morphological expression in the worker's caste. This is the median worker second from the largest.
Lateral view of median worker of another Camponotus species. Not typical of Camponotus major workers the head is not enlarged.
Secostruma sp. worker. This specimen which without close examination I had tagged as Dilobocondyla (from the appearance of the petiole nodes) but on closer examination found that it is closer to Secostruma, with minor differences in the antennae and also the gaster. Actually it looks more like a cross between Secostruma, Dilobocondyla and Pristomyrmex. Pristomyrmex has a more rounded head whereas Secostruma has a more squarish head (and also relatively larger head in proportion to the body). The waist of Pristomyrmex is also relatively shorter with the petiole nodes more pronounced. See more of this specimen in the Undocumented Species page.
Minor and major workers Pheidole sp(33). See more in the Pheidole genus post. One of the largest genus of ants, I have encountered more than fifty species of this genus here though I didn't collect all of them due to some situation constraints. One of the biggest loopholes in Darwinian Evolution (which has since been somewhat plugged) was that of the survival of fittest. One would think that venom being such an advantageous weapon to have, once a species (or family of species) developed it they will want to retain it in all the downstream evolutionary form. Pheidole, one the the most species diverse of the Myrmicinae ants, have not only given up venom but also rely mostly (in some species almost exclusively) on its minor workers (puny in comparison to the majors) to keep the colony fed and thriving.
Pheidole (sp37) minor and major workers.
Pheidole sp(35). In this species the function of the major workers as semi repletes is equal to those in some Oligomyrmex species which has semi repletes major workers. In the major workers the frontal portion (the area above the frontal lobes which is absent in Pheidole ants) is more elevated presenting a raised plateau in the frontal region which may serve to block the entrance holes to the nest or as an obstacle in the tunnels. The majors are around 5 millimeters (TL) with the minor workers just below 3 millimeters.
Minor and major workers of Pheidole sp(32).
Minor and major workers of Pheidole ants (sp30).
Minor and major workers of Pheidole sp. This species with a somewhat honey color also has majors at around 5 millimeters and minor around 3 millimeters. See more in the Pheidole genus post.
Tgis species (sp28) also about the same size (both major and minor workers) as the previous two species recorded below.
Major and minor workers of Pheidole sp. This species is approximately the same size as that in the photo directly below. The most noticeable difference is the head shape of the majors.
Another average size Pheidole species of this very large genus. The major and minor workers mostly look quite similar in appearances except in smaller species (minor workers of 2 mm or less) they are somewhat more dissimilar in head shapes.
Minor workers and a major worker of Pheidole sp. where the major workers are not only as long as the super major of Solenopsis geminata, their heads are also as large. In this species and uncommon among Pheidole genus, the propodeal spines (or thorns) at the third thoracic segment (propodeum) is also very prominent.
Minor workers and a major worker of Pheidole sp.
Minor and major workers of Pheidole sp. This is a small species of Pheidole ants where the major workers also function as repletes or rather semi-repletes.
Pheidole sp. workers and brood.
Vollenhovia sp(04). This species is monomorphic. See more on Vollenvohia in the Vollenhovia post.
Vollenhovia sp(03). is another polymorphic species.
Solenopsis sp3. This worker ant at just slightly over 1 millimeters is probably (because I couldn't make out other details) of the Solenopsis genus with two segments antennae clubs and no spines. This would be the smallest species of this genus I have encountered. See more of this specimen in the Undocumented Species page.
Schedorhinotermes sp. This species is slightly larger than the species directly below but the minor soldier is slimmer (thinner).
Schedorhinotermes sp. Major soldiers is around 4,5 millimeters (TL).
Soldiers and workers of Schedorhinotermes sp. This large species has major soldiers measuring around 9 millimeters (TL).
Schedorhinotermes termites. Major soldiers of this species measured at 7 millimeters and is larger than the first species posted here. The head capsule of the soldiers also tapers (narrows) from posterior to anterior (back to front). See more photos of this species in the Schedorhinotermes page.
The workers and soldiers of an undocumented species of Microcerotermes. This is one of the rarer species of Microcerotermes that nest mostly on the ground. The soldiers with their cylindrical appearing shaped head capsule is atypical of this genus.
Tetramorium sp(11) at around 3 millimeter is on the lower end in terms of total length (TL) as far as this genus is concerned but it is still over 20% longer than the species below (sp10).
This is one the smaller Tetramorium species as most species of this genus are around 3 to 5 millimters. A 2.2 millimeter long worker of Tetramorium sp.
Pristomyrmex sp04. Spines are completely absent in this species.
Worker of Pachycondyla sp(32) measuring around 7.5 millimeter is slim and sleek. The mandibles are long similar to Pachycondyla amblyops. This species looks very similar to Pachycondyla sp4 in the Pachycondyla post. A big surprise is that Pachycondula here is quite a large genus, I have to date encountered over 30 species possibly more as some are so similar it is hard to make them out as different species. I only publish those that I can clearly see a difference. Roughly this genus can be divided into the fast running and the slow running species, then the slim and sleek against the more bulky species. Most species are subterranean (at least during the day) and tunneled through the forest soil hunting their preys.
Queen of Pachycondyla sp(32)
Gyne of Pachycondyla sp(31). This species like the one above (sp32) is slim with long mandibles. This qyne lost a leg probably to Macrotermes termites. Termites hunting ant's workers commonly have missing or shortened limbs and antennae due to their encounters with snapping termites soldiers of the Macrotermitinae subfamily.
Alates and workers of Pachycondyla sp(21) with workers around 5 millimeters and gyne at over 7 millimeters.
A gyne (around 3.5 millimeters) of a small Pachycondyla ant.
A gyne of a small (3 millimeters) Pachycondyla species.
Pachycondyla sp18. The queen measured at around 17 millimeters. See more in the Undocumented Species page.
Queen of Pachycondyla sp13. This large species Pachycondyla sp13 resembles Pachycondyla tridentata. The worker and gyne both measured around 12 millimeters, are smaller than those of Pachycondyla tridentata.
Worker of Pachycondyla sp13.
Pachycondyla sp14 is another large Pachycondyla species with workers measuring over 17 millimeters. This is another Pachycondyla tridentata look alike and of around the same size only this species is slimmer (especially when viewed from the top).
This large Pachycondyla species measured at around 15 millimeter. This looks like a larger version of Pachycondyla astuta.
Pachycondyla sp12 worker. This species measure at around 15 millimeters.
Leptogenys sp8. This species looks a little like Leptogenys diminuta but is slightly larger, slimmer and the exoskeleton is less smooth (glossy).
Worker ant of Tetraponera sp.
Female alate of Tetraponera sp.
Queen of Tetraponera sp.
Worker of Tetraponera sp.
Queen of Tetraponera sp.
Soldiers and workers of Nasutitermes sp.
Soldiers and workers of Nasutitermes sp10.
Both workers and soldiers of this species are monomorphic.
A small Nasutitermes termite species. To date this is smallest of this genus recorded in this blog.
Tagged as Nasutitermes sp14, this is actually Lacessitermes. This species looks very similar to Hospitalitermes with the main difference in length of the legs and antennae. See more in the Nasutitermes page.
This species has dimorphic workers and monomorphic soldiers.
Worker of a very small Strumigenys species. Most Strumigenys species are trapjaws ants having the similar snap shut jaws mechanism of trapjaws ants like Anochetus and Odontomachus, but not these two newly collected species. While generally Strumigenys are slow moving ants these non trapjaws expression of this genus are generally even slower moving.
A very small Strumigenys species measuring just under 2 millmimeters.
Another Strumigenys species of normal size (2 millimeter and larger).
Workers of Strumigenys ants.
A minor worker of Gesomyrmex sp. Gesomyrmex are arboreal ants making their nest inside the branches and twigs of trees.
A minor worker of Gesomyrmex sp.
Pseudolasius sp. is a mostly subterranean eyeless ant that almost resemble a worker termite view from top. Is it termites mimicry? This Pseudolasius species is found nesting among the nests of a species of free ranging Nasute termite, Longipeditermes longipes. Mimicking the termite worker could possibly afford this ant with protection from predators such as birds, frogs and lizards and also other ants. Longipeditermes longipes soldiers produce a strong smelling repellent turpentine smelling secretion.
Dolichoderus cuspidatus This species of the Dolichoderus genus has three sets of spines (thorns). The first set of large straight spine is on the top of the second thoracic segment (mesonotum) just after the first thoracic segment (pronotum). This set on the anterior end of the mesonotum protrudes out joined before branching sideways. The second set of curvy propodeal spines at the posterior of the propodeum is similarly joined before branching. The third set of tiny spines is on the petiole node. See more photos of this species in the Dolichoderus page.
Soldiers and worker of Dicuspiditermes sp. termite. This species is slightly larger than Dicuspiditermes nemorosus. This species is also not as common. It is possibly Dicuspiditermes laetus.
Parrhinotermes sp. This second species is smaller measuring at below 3 millimeters (both the workers and soldiers). More photos in the Parrhinotermes page.
Worker and soldier of a large Procapritermes species. The soldiers of this species measured at over 9 millimeters making it as large (in TL) but not as bulky as the major soldiers of the common Macrotermes gilvus.
The larger major worker of a large Camponotus species. Here above the largest major worker of Camponotus gilviceps with the larger of the two minor workers. Camponotus gilviceps has an unusual color mix. Typical of many Camponotus species the workers are polymorphic with four expressions.
The minor worker (this is the larger of the two morphological expression in the minor workers) has the same unusual color mix. The coloration varies with nest with some showing less grayish coloration.
In the center is a new secondary reproductive or pseudergate of Subulitermes sp. This image shows the male. The female has a larger abdomen.
The alates of a Cryptotermes species. These are fast running and do not have 'slippery feet' as is common among termites. The workers and soldiers of Cryptotermes are generally one of the most slow moving among termites, but the alates are among the fastest running among termites alates.
Drywood termites Cryptotermes. A bunch of maggot-looking workers of Cryptotermes. Drywood termites tend to have long sausage like bodies and at a glance look like maggots or larvae of beetles. That is why I called them 'the drywood maggots.' These termites species live in the wood they feed on. Cryptotermes are able to exact the moisture so essential to life from the dry wood they feed on. These are slow moving termites with very short legs and antennae. Nest of drywood termites are relatively small not too different from those of dampwood termites.
Droppings of dry wood termites. Many local pest control companies attribute this to wood borers and completely miss this very obvious tell tale signs of termite infestation. This is probably because the workers have a maggot like appearance with very tiny legs that they might be mistaken for beatle grubs (larva) to the non discerning eye.