Blogs updates.

The published pages on this blogs are not static. Aside from publishing new post pages, existing posts of this blog are periodically updated with photos of new species, additional photos of existing species and additional information. All materials published here are the property of the author. Reproduction of any material published here in part or in total without the expressed permission of this author is strictly forbidden.

Monday, August 31, 2009

Termites And Ants Home And Site Map

This page list all the published and pending pages of this site. Most of the photos and images are 640 x ### resolutions as I thought to make it a bit even looking and also to be more in line with the template's layout. But unfortunately I wasn't able to fit all into that size due to the limitation of a cheap auto focus camera (sigh, this is the same reason I don't usually photograph them in the wild - camera not good enough as I need to get to below one meter away from the subject and the focus mechanism takes more than half a second to focus by which time the targeted subject is usually some place else), some pictures are of lower resolutions but clarity and sharpness of the images and pictures are, I consider, still acceptable to see 'enough' details of the subject.

Most of the photographs and images are clear and sharp but sometimes due to the glossy surfaces especially of ants, the auto focus mechanism just won't focus on them but focused on the background or on the legs and antennae. Of course glossy surfaces are not the only problem, blurry delineation surfaces too give the same problem especially so if the specimens are very tiny. One ant I had a lot of problem with was Calytomyrmex, I was just not able to get the camera to focus on the head especially the front to show the mandibles. Cataulacus too poses the same problem. Of course the fact that the subject won't keep still added to these problems. Additional problems are encountered when taking photos of the targeted subject in the natural habitat. Aside from having to move to within 10 centimeter of the subject to get a clear enough shot there are the additional problem of low light and subject mobility. Many times the autofocus mechanism will focus on a proximity object because it has a more definitive outline and color tonal contrast resulting in the shot of the intended subject too out of focus to be of used. For these reasons it is next to impossible to photograph certain types of animals such as: those that have good eye sight and quickly disappear once approached; those that will not stop moving; and those that have non contrasting color or surface outlines.

It should be noted that identification of species on this blog are not authoritative and are based on unaided eyes examination and sighting (without microscopic examination) of the morphology. As should be obvious from the low quality equipment (cheap auto focus camera) and limited resources used it would be impossible to precisely identify species that are closely similar due to the greater level of minute detailed examination needed. What this means is that species that are very similar in appearance might not be accurately attributed as the presented specimen image does not allow the separation. For those who are hairsplitters please consider all identifications to be purely "cf" only. Total length (TL) measurement are not definitive of the species and are provided to give the reader a means to estimate how large or tiny the specimens are. Further the measurement given by the author is based on live standing measurement which should in all cases be shorter (i,e, lesser) than dead stretched out measurement. Please refer to the various authoritative sources for the taxonomy keys to identifying the specific species.

Maybe one day (wishful thinking) I may be able to afford better equipment and have more time to document the various species in greater magnification and clarity that would enable these closely similar (in appearance) species to be differentiated and identified in the images posted.

The intent of this blog is to give the general interested public a fair idea (general representative appearance) of each genus and species that I encountered and observed in the process of my life in the pursuit of my life's passions. It is hope that readers who find this blog of interest properly understand that this blog is not meant to serve as an authoritative source of information on the subject species published and discussed but as the personal encounter and observation of the author as a non expert or non authority on the subject. If there is one thing that this author wants to make clear to anyone and everyone reading any work of this author, is that this author at no time position himself as anything but just a student of everything he encounters and finds of interest in his journey through this temporary life.

The intent of this author in publishing this blog is to make a contribution to the data pool of the internet. This is out of appreciation by this author to all who publish entertaining, interesting and helpful information on the internet, freely available to all who seek them. There is no other motive despite the evil slanders by all those whose hearts being full of lust and greed, are totally engrossed to elevate themselves sowing and perpetuating evil in the human social order.

Anyone seeking answers to specific issue please be specific to exactly what you want to know. This is written here not to put anyone down or belittle anyone, but in trying to be helpful this author can only answer the question posed, not questions that are vague (i.e. not posed) or questions that seems to be asking something that clearly was already disclosed in the post. With sincere apologies, the author may sometimes missed out on some questions posed. This is due to the author 'biting off more than he can chew', meaning undertaking more than he can adequately handle. Yes, it is a type of greed and lust, albeit one with good (i.e. helpful) intentions.

The heavy canopy cover on a typical primary tropical rain forest sees little undergrowth.

Here is a typical secondary or regrown cleared forest heavy with undergrowth of ferns and shrubs.

The Tropical Rainforest is a habitat teeming with life. A good alternative term for the Tropical Rainforest might be the Carbon Ocean or the Ocean of Trees because as the oceans support life throughout its depth, the foliage in the Tropical Rainforest increased the layer thickness of the land surface to harbor life both above and below the ground surface.

So diverse and abundant is life in the Tropical Rainforest that most ant species do not store food as they are able to, on a day to day, basis harvest enough not to just feed the brood but to grow and thrive. In the ocean the microscopic plant plankton are the primary food that fuels the diversity of life the ocean, and in the forest it is also the plant and trees.

Even as both in the ocean and in the forest the beginning of the energy (life powering) cycle for life are the plants yet the most destruction that human have wrecked on this planet are in leveling the forest and polluting the ocean. Yes humankind are slowly but surely (and the pace is increasing and picking up) pulling out the carpet that support and sustain their lives from under themselves.

The Pages (published, pending and planned) chronologically. If you can't click on it or get an error message it just means it is not yet published.

Ants.                                  Termites
0000. Termites and Ants - Undocumented Genus and Species.
0001. Camponotus gigas. 📹
                                           0002. Macrotermes carbonarius. 📹
0003. Diacamma The Queenless Ant.
                                           0004. Globitermes.
0005. Trapjaws Ants.
                                           0006. Macrotermes malaccensis.
0007. Crazy Ants.
                                           0008. Termes Genus.
0009. Solenopsis geminata.
                                           0010. Microtermes.
0011. Polyrhachis.
0012. Pheidologeton.
                                           0013. Coptotermes.
0014. Pheidole.
                                           0015. Nasutitermes.
                                           0016. Schedorhinotermes.
                                           0017. Odontotermes.
                                           0018. Pericapritermes.
                                           0019. Macrotermes gilvus.
0020. Crematogaster.
0021. Proatta buteli.
0022. Odontoponera.
                                          0023. Microcerotermes.
0024. Camponotus genus.
0025. Termites And Ants - miscellaneous genus and species
0026. Eggs, Nymphs, Larva, Pupa And Callows.
0026a Live Food Culturing
0026b Rearing And Stuffs for Hobbyist and Newbies: see item 198
0027. Oecophylla smaragdina. 📹
0028. Camponotus parius.
0029. Meranoplus.
                                          0030. Hospitalitermes. 📹
                                          0031. Dampwood Termites.
                                          0032. Pericapritermes dolichocephalus.
                                          0033. Hospitalitermes sp2.
0034.  Tapinoma melanocephalum - The Pesky Ghost Ant.
0035.  Camponotus sp (Colobopsis group).
                                          0036. Macrotermes sp1.
                                          0037. Odontotermes sp2.
0038.  Pachycondyla.
                                          0039. Odontotermes longignathus.
0040.  Cataulacus sp.
                                          0041. Odontotermes sp5.
                                          0042. Procapritermes sp1.
0043. Technomyrmex - The White Footed Ant.
                                          0044. Microcerotemes serrula.
                                          0045. Odontotermes sp4.
0046. Odontomachus rixosus.
0047. Pheidole sp(07).
0048. Leptogenys.
                                          0049. Havilanditermes.
0050. Pheidole longipes.
0051. Monomorium.
                                          0052. Microcerotermes biroi.
0053. Dorylus laevigatus.
                                          0054. Amitermes Dentatus.
0055. Gnamptogenys.
0056. Camponotus sp8.
                                          0057. Procapritermes sp2.
                                          0058. Procapritermes setiger.
                                          0059. Nasutitermes sp2.
0060. Tetraponera.
                                          0061. Kemneritermes.
0062. Tetramorium.
                                          0063. Odontotermes sp3.
0064. Mystrium camillae.
0065. Calyptomyrmex.
0066. Lophomyrmex bedoti.
0067. Oligomyrmex.         
0068. Strumigenys.         
                                          0069. Nasutitermes sp4.
0070. Solenopsis molesta.
0072. Pheidoloe sp(08).     
0073. Centromyrmex feae.
                                         0074. Protohamitermes globiceps.
                                         0075. Parrhinotermes.
0077. Camponotus saundersi.
0078. Polyrhachis sp.
                                         0081. Termes comis.
0082. Euprenolepis.
                                         0083. Odontotermes sp6.
                                         0084. Dicuspiditermes nemorosus.
0085. Trichomyrmex destructor
         (aka Singapore ant, Monomorium destructor).
0086. Tapinoma sessile.
                                         0087. Labritermes.
0088. Polyrhachis dives.
                                         0089. Bulbitermes.
0090. Pheidole sp(09).
                                         0091. Prohamitermes.
0092 Polyrhachis ypsilon
0093 Pheidologeton sp
                                         0094 Homallotermes
0095 Dolichoderus
0096 Pristomyrmex
                                         0097 Coptotermes curvignathus
0098 Pachycondyla havilandi
0099 Cerapachys 
                                         0100 Odontotermes sp7
0101 Myopias
0102 Vollenhovia
                                         0103 Termes laticornis
0104 Pheidole sp(22)
0105 Aenictus
0106 Pachycondyla ambyops
                                         0107 Odontotermes sp8
0108 Paratrechina sp
0109 Philidris
0110 Anochetus sp
                                         0111 Longipeditermes longipes
0112 Monomorium pharaonis
                                         0113 Odontotermes sp9
                                         0114 Euhamitermes
0115 Cataulacus recticulatus
0116 Myopopone
0117 Centromyrmex hamulatus
0118 Camponotus sp10
                                         0119 Hypotermes
0120 Dolichoderus sp
0121 Platythyrea
                                         0122 Hypotermes sp2
0123 Echinopla sp
0124 Camponotus bedoti (Colobopsis group)
                                         0125 Odontotermes sp10
0126 Pachycondyla tridentata
                                          0127 Mirocapritermes
0128 Leptogenys sp
0129 Pristomyrmex sp
                                          0130 Microtermes obesi
0131 Carebara
0132 Pheidole sp(24)
0133 Polyrhachis eurisens
0134 Nylanderia
0135 Technomyrmex sp
0136 Aenictus cornotus
0137 Crematogaster sp
0138 Acropyga
0139 Tetramorium sp
                                         0140 Pericapritermes sp
0141 Myrmicaria carinata
0142 Leptogenys sp     
                                         0143 Schedorhinotermes sp
0144 Pachycondyla astuta
0145 Lasius sp             
0146 Polyrhachis sp(24)     
0147 Pheidole sp(12)           
0148 Amblyopone          
0149 Crematogaster inflata
                                          0150 Capritermes genus
                                          0151 Subulitermes           
0152 Cardiocondyla
0153 Polyrhachis abdominalis
0154 Proceratum
0155 Philidris sp
0156 Pheidole sp(15)
0157 Myrmicaria melanogaster
0158 Pristomyrmex sp
0159 Pachycondyla sp
0160 Lepyogenys sp
0161 Iridomyrmex sp
0162 Dolichodeerus cuspidatus
0163 Pseudolasius sp
0164 Apaenogaster sp
0165 Platythyrea sp
0166 Pheidole sp(17)
                                          0167 Pericapritermes sp
0167 Vollenhovia sp
                                          0168 Parrhinotermes sp
0169 Meranoplus Mucronatus
0170 Pachycondyla sp
0171 Pheidole sp(22)
0172 Monomorium sp
0173 Gnamptogenys costata
                                          0174 Scherdorhinotermes sp
0175 Cerapachys biroi
                                          0176 Pericapritermes semarangi
0177 Polyrhachis furcata
0178 Aenictus wilsoni
0179 Tetraponera sp
0180 Pachycondyla sp
0181 Polyrhachis armata
0182 Nylanderia sp
0183 Myrmicaria brunnea subcarinata
                                          0184 Labritermes buttelreepeni
                                          0185 Prorhinotermes sp
                                          0186 Microcerotermes sp
0187 Pachycondyla sp
0189 Lophomyrmex sp
0190 Pheidole sp(11)
0191 Aenictus sp
0192 Camponotus gilviceps
0193 Leptogenys sp(03)
0194 Cardiocondyla sp
0195 Pheidole sp(19)
0196 Polyrhachis s(36)
                                          0197 Mirocapritermes sp(2)
0198 General Information on Ants And Termites 📹(under construction)
0199 Pseudolasius (sp01)
0200 Polyrhachis bihamata
                                          0201 Procapritermes sp.
0202 Crematogaster sp
0203 Platythyrea sp(03)
0204 Polyrhachis sp
                                          0205 Drywood Termites
0206 Pachycondyla sp
0207 Pristomyrmex punen
0208 Tetramorium sp
                                          0209 Hirtitermes Hirtiventris

Commensalism, Mutualism, Parasitism And Other related Arthropods: this page list plants and animals that have some sort of inter-species relationships with either ants or termites or both.

Other Stuff Relevant And Irrelevant: this page list mostly other plants and animals that may or may not be relevant to this blog's subject.

The Tropical Rainforest posts pages are general information on the tropical rainforest of Malaysia. The intent is to give an idea of how the tropical rainforest looks to an observant person tracking through the forest.
The Tropical Rainforest - Tropical Rainforest Overview📹
The Tropical Rainforest - Forest Floor Plants
The Tropical Rainforest - Fungi, Lichen And Moss
The Tropical Rainforest - Invertibrates Other Than Termites Or Ants 

Little light enter pass the rainforest canopy to reach the forest floor.

The only time significant unfiltered sunlight is able to reach the forest floor is when a tree dies or when large trees fell in a storm.

Left alone over a matter of decades a cleared forest will slowly regenerate and ground level vegetation will diminish as the canopy thickens. But unless these cleared forest sits adjacent to a fairly large patch of uncleared forest much of animal species diversity will never be regained even as many species of forest plants will not repopulate the once clear area with the biodiversity that have prevailed before. My camera is unable to do a good job capturing the true colors of the forest floor low light environment.

Alphabetical Listing:

General Information Pages:
The Tropical Rainforest Flora - Plants of the forest floor.
The Tropical Rainforest Flora - Fungi, lichen and moss
Undocumented Genus and Species

Pages In Taxonomic Order of FAMILY and SUBFAMILY (this section needs updating due to a revamping of the expertly reclassified taxonomy under the taxonomy family Termitoidae and Formicoidea, my apologies as I have been under the weather for quite a good while, some ten years, now. But don't look at me I have no part in the reclassification neither do I want to have any part of it I am just quoting the masterly experts, yes I have problem with new and improved versions, but as I always say, "what the heck do I know?")


Formicinae 7479:
Acropyga 354290
Anoplolepis 354295
Camponotus gilviceps
Euprenolepis 369128
Echinopla 111113
Geosomyrmex 46648
Lasius 7482
Pseudolasius 262039
Polyrhachis 84544 beccarii
Polyrhachis bihamata
Polyhachis cephalotes
Polyrhachis sp
Polyrhachis sp
Polyrhachis sp

Myrmicinae 34695:
Cardiocondyla sp
Carebara sp
Lophomyrmex sp
Lophomyrmex longicornis
Mymicaria brunnea subcarinata
Myrmicaria sp
Pheidologeton (Carebara)
Pheidologeton sp (Carebara)
Pheidologeton (Carebara)
Pheidologeton/Oligomyrmex (Carebara) 
Pristomyrmex sp
Proatta 369212 Butteli 369213
Trichomyrmex destructor (Monorium destructor)
Vollenhovia 369248 rufiventris
Vollenhovia sp
Vollenhovia sp
Vollenhovia sp

Ponerinae 43085:
Pachycondyla sp
Pachycondyla sp
Platythyrea parallela
Platythyrea sp
Platythyrea sp
Platythyrea sp

Proceratiinae 292193:
Discothyrea 237680

Pseudomyrmecinae 40138:
Tetraponera 28639

Aenictinae 219558:
Aenictus 232111
Aenictus cornutus
Aenictus sp
Aenictus sp
Aenictus sp
Aenictus wilsoni

Cerapachyinae 219563:
Cerapachys biroi 443821
Cerapachys sp
Cerapachys sp
Cerapachys sp

Dolichoderus sp
Iridomyrmex sp
Technomyrmex sp
Technomyrmex sp

Dorylinae 213859:

Ectatomminae 141710:
Gnamptogenys bicolor

Amblyoponinae 292192:
Mystrium camillae



Termitinae 92738:

Hypotermes sp 73854
Hypotermes sp
Macrotermes carbonarius 📹 144742
Odontotermes 60587

Bulbitermes 229645
Hirtitermes Hirtiventris
Hospitalitermes bicolor
Longipeditermes longipes
Nasutitermes 46570
Nasutitermes sp


Amitermitinae 377832 (Amitermes group):
Globitermes 187538
Prohamitermes  187557

Apicotermitinae 92739:





  Dicuspiditermes 73856 nemorosus 73857
  Dicuspiditermes sp
  Homallotermes 377818
  Kemneritermes 187542
  Microcerotermes crassus 139992
  Microcerotermes biroi
  Microcerotemes serrula
  Microcerotermes sp
  Microcerotermes sp
  Mirocapritermes 229706
  Mirocapritermes sp
  Pericapritermes 64671
  Pericapritermes dolichocephalus
  Pericapritermes sp
  Pericapritermes sp
  Pericapritermes sp
  Pericapritermes semarangi
  Procapritermes 187580
  Procapritermes sp
  Procapritermes setiger 187581
Capritermes Complex
  Capritermes 87562
  Pseudocapritermes sp
  Pseudocapritermes sp
  Pseudocapritermes sp

Termes Group 377834
  Termes 62951 rostratus
  Termes comis 187521
  Termes laticornis

Foraminitermes group 377831 (Foraminitermitinae)
  Labritermes 201574 emersoni
  Labritermes butelreepeni 377922
  Labritermes kristneri



Rhinotermitinæ 72652:
Schedorhinotermes sp

Coptotermitinae 72653:
Coptotermes 36986 gestroi 232242
Coptotermes curvignathus 270671
Coptotermes sepangensis

Timezone GMT +08.00
Last Updated (YMD): 2020 10 20
First Posted: 2009 08 13
© 2009 – 2020 Quah. All rights reserved.


  1. Hi,

    your page is very interesting. It is good to know that there are people around the world trying to organize and publish information on such remarkable insects on their own. I study termites in the central Amazon rainforest, Brazil, and I am also planning to run a page on my own - when I have the necessary time and skills.
    Best regards.

  2. That must be a dream job. There are quite a few unique genus in Brazil. Look forward to see you page.

  3. I just noticed the change from Neocapritermes to Procapritermes. How do you determine the right genus of similar genera?

  4. I am working on an "About" page which I hope will answer your question more completely. For here I will just say it is based on the closest match. There is scant available published information on this social insect for this location.

  5. I think it is be better for every species has its own page. The Pheidologeton page for example has 4 species but their all in one page. It would be cleaner and more organized so that we'll have specific knowledge on how many species there are. You should also e-mail the people at Antweb and provide them with clear pictures and ample description so they can help in identifying the species. :)

  6. Hello, thank you for these very interesting informations and beautiful photos.
    I need an advice.I have Oecophylla smaragdina. I started just with the queen. Now it has 150 medium workers and a lot of eggs and larves. But I fand the queen too slim. The abdomen turned to small.
    Is that normal?
    Thanks Ruben

  7. In new nest the Oecophylla queen may have a smaller gaster which will begin to fill up as the nest grows larger, this is normal.

  8. I'm assuming you have to go out of Kuala Lumpur frequently to get these species?

  9. Most of the specimens are collected around Kuala Lumpur within fifteen minutes driving distance from my residence. I do this only as a hobby and rarely travel due to resource constrains. I travel at most twice a year for vacationing or visiting relatives which I of course take advantage of to also indulge in this passion.

  10. Hi Quah..nice work..I'm doing a research on capability of bacteria from termite sponge to degrade pollutant. Can you advice me on which type of termite is actually the most common type that can be found in soil of Kuala Lumpur?

    1. Quite a few species of termites are commonly found in Kuala Lumpur but the one that is found everywhere would be Coptotermes. But of the fungus growing species both Odontotermes and Macrotermes gilvus are the most common.

  11. How do you make the termite culture?

    1. Depending on the species as different species have different diet preferences.

  12. Interesting blog about termites

  13. Hi Quah! I love your blog and it has been a great resource for my ant keeping, you have lots of information that is undocumented anywhere else. I'm Singaporean and its great to know there are myrmercologist like you who care to share!

  14. Do you have a Facebook account, can you add a friend? This is my link


There is a problem with Blogger comments (and Google Chrome browser) which for whatever causes do not allow me to reply to comments posted. You can contact the author at under the user id chquah.